The American Kennel Club
In the United States, how a dog becomes an official breed is often a tedious and lengthy process. Breed recognition is given by the American Kennel Club, or AKC. There are several steps to take in order to obtain breed recognition. The American Kennel Club also determines the standards for how a dog becomes an official breed. AKC is dedicated to preserving the characteristics of purebred dogs.
In order for a breed to gain official recognition, The American Kennel Club will determine if that breed is breeding true. In other words, the breed is generating many of the same characteristics consistently. Thorough documentation is required to show this requirement. In addition to these requirements, there must be a fair amount of interest in the particular breed.
Foundation Stock Service®
Many rare breeds are also placed on the FSS list, or the Foundation Stock Service®list by request only. There are multiple prerequisites that precede, the placing of a dog on the FSS list. Firstly, an owner must complete a questionnaire about rare breeds. Secondly, it is imperative to deliver an official breed history. Breed history will show documentation of the breed for decades. Thirdly, an official breed standard is required. Fourthly, turning in photographs that show different stages of the dogs, from puppy to adulthood . How a dog becomes an official breed when placed on the FSS list is as follows: there must be an active breed club, a record with FSS of at least 150 dogs with third-degree pedigrees, and a breed standard.
In order to gain breed recognition, an active breed club is essential. This not only demonstrates interest in the breed, but also generates more knowledge and in turn the breed gains more significance. Members of the club should not only seek out new members, but encourage them to register their dogs and be active participants and not just distant associates. It is also important to stay in contact with the FSS so that they recognize persistence and true intent. Once 300 dogs are registered on the FSS list and meet all other requirements, they are placed on the Miscellaneous Class List. This is the final step before a board review and potential breed recognition.
Dogs placed on the Foundation Stock Service®List still have a chance of becoming recognized. How a dog becomes an official breed once placed on the list is essentially up to the dedication of the individuals interested in breed recognition and people’s overall interest. Although this process will more than likely take a few years, it is understandable when considering the fact that the AKC has not only a reputation to uphold, but a rigorous standard as well.